Hey Shouters!! Today we will learn how to install python IDLE editor in Windows, Linux, and Mac operating systems.
What is the Python Language?
Python is one of the fastest programming languages. It was created by Guido Van Rossum in 1989. Python is named after a very popular BBC comedy show Monty Python’s Flying Circus. Python IDLE is free software.
It is a simple and very powerful general-purpose computer programming language. Python is a high-level language, interpreted language with easy syntax and dynamic semantics.
What is IDLE in Python?
IDLE is an integrated development environment for python, which has been bundled with the default installation of the language. IDLE can be used to execute a single statement just like a python shell and also to create, modify, and execute a python script.
Open IDLE is bundled with python for development purposes. Python is also an interpreted language, meaning you don’t need to learn how to compile code into machine language.
Installing Python IDLE On Windows-
Step-1: Python is available on its website Python.org. Hove the mouse on the downloads menu and then on the windows option and click on the button for the latest release.
CLICK TO PYTHON 3.7.4 AS SHOWN BELOW.
Step 2: Click on download button Windows x86-64 executable installer.
Step 3- A Pop-Up window will be generated Opening python 3.74-amd64.exe. You should keep the file python-3.7.4.exe somewhere on your computer in case you need to reinstall Python. Click to Save File.
The file name python-3.7.4.exe would start downloading in standard folder.
Step 4: Move this file to permanent location so that you can install it.
Step 5: Start the installation process with the mentioned details.
Step 6: Double-click the icon labeling the file python-3.7.4-amd64.exe. Check the checkboxes marked of Install launcher for all users (recommended) and Add Python 3.7 to PATH.
Step 7: Highlight the Install now message and then click on it. Click Yes button when prompted by User Account Control System.
Step 8: Setup progress and progress bar will appear. Wait for a while to complete.
Step 9: After the completion of installation a new python 3.74 (64-bit) setup pop-up window will appear with a message of Setup was successful.
Step 10: Click to close button.
How To Verify the IDLE Installation?
After you have successfully downloaded the IDLE in windows. To check that it is completely installed. Follow the below steps.
1. Navigate the directory where you have selected to install the file.
2. Double click on the file/icon python.exe.
3. The following pop-up window will appear:
Installing Python IDLE On MAC –
Step 1: We can check the version of python currently installed on the system. Generally, Python 2.7 is installed by default in Mac.
If to install Python 3.6.3, we have to download the latest version from its official website https://www.python.org/downloads/ . The file must be downloaded in .pkg format which can be directly installed by using Installer command.
Step 2: The MacOs Terminal is an application you can use to access the command-line interface. Like many other applications, you can find it by clicking on finder, navigation. To application folder and then further, utilize that folder. That means while instead of clicking on buttons you would type text and receive feedback instantly.
INSTALL PYTHON 3.6.3 –
Although the downloaded file already is in .pkg format so no mounting is required and We can use installer command to install Python 3.6.3. Now the installer is used with super user permissions hence sudo forces terminal to prompt the user to fill the admin password.
How To Check Python IDLE On Mac-
To check for a Python version installation on the machine, we can use python -version command. Since by default installed version is Python 2.7.10 therefore it will show python 2.7.10. But it gives us more flexibility to check the version of Python 3 on our computer.
WORKING ON PYTHON’S SCRIPT MODE
To work on Python command line, simply type python3 on the terminal area. On python shell we can write any of problem to get output. The format is as below:
To run a python file (.py) is the extension, to save file simply type file name along with the extension.
Finally, Python 3 is installed in Mac Os. You are ready to run python and learn to program.
INSTALLATION PYTHON IDLE ON LINUX
Some version of Linux come with python is been installed. If you have Red hat package manager based distribution, you already have python on your system and don’t need anything else.
Depending on the version of Linux you use the version of python varies. You have two ways to use to install python on Linux. The first way works on any Linux distribution and the second way has different criteria that you need.
Step 1- First of all install the development package which is required to build python.
Installation In Debian-
$ SUDO APT UPDATE
$ SUDO APT INSTALL BUILD-ESSENTIAL ZLIB1G-DEV \
LIBNCURSES5-DEV LIBGDBM-DEV LIBNSS3-DEV \
LIBSSL-DEV LIBREADLINE-DEV LIBFFI-DEV CURL
Installation In Fedora:
$ sudo dnf group install development
Step 2. Download the latest release of Python 3
Next, we want to check the system has proper tools to build python3. Go to the official website for the latest version and after the download is completed, you have .tar.xz archive file which is a “tarball” contains source code of python.
Step 3– Extract the Tarball
The moment the download is completed, extract the tarball using extractor application of your choice or Linux tar command.
$ tar –xf Python-3.?.?.tar.xz
Step 4- Configure the Script
Once the python tarball is extracted, navigate to configure the script and execute it in your Linux terminal. The configuration process may take several times to complete the configuration process, wait until it’s been done.
$ cd Python-3.*
Step 5- Start the build process
If you already have a python version installed in your system, then you have installed new version alongside by using below command;
$ sudo make altinstall
The process takes a few times, If you want to replace the current version of python, you can replace or uninstall your current python package using the package manager and then install it. Since installing python into usr/bin, you need to run as root.
$ sudo make install
Note: Mandatory to use alt install target to make. By using the install target will overwrite python binary.
Step 6- Verify installation process
If there is no encountered any errors, the latest python is now successfully installed on your Linux system. To verify it, Write the below command in your terminal.
After installing the python, try to run some basic programs.